NYS Energy Audits = Year-Round Comfort + Lifetime Savings
Attic insulation is the single most important measure to drastically reduce your heating bill and increase comfort in your home.
Imagine your house as a boiling pot of water with no lid on it. Water is boiling but heat is escaping through the top. In order to keep the water boiling, you need to keep the flame on. The same thing happens when your attic is not insulated. The Laws of physics cause heat to rise, and the absence of insulation cannot hold it inside the house, leading to up to 40% of your heating bill being used to heat up the street instead of your home.
Air sealing gaps and holes will reduce cold air drafts.
Openings, gaps and holes around the house let the cold air in and make your home an uncomfortable place to live. All the air leaks around the windows and doors, through the recessed lights and the attic access are cause for high energy bills.
The rim joist is another area of the home that is very problematic. Cold air enters your home through holes and gaps between the foundation and rim joist. Air sealing and insulating the rim joist insulation will stop the cold air infiltration that is coming to the house from its bottom.
DRAFTY WINDOWS, BASEBOARDS AND DOORS
The main problem with windows, baseboards and doors is not the material that has been used to make them, but improper installation. Most of cold air from outside comes into the house through gaps between the wall opening and the door or window frame. Poor insulation and the absence of air sealants cause what everybody refers to as drafts
Almost any place where pipes move through your house or in and out of your house, there is a gap that lets cold air in. Insulating and sealing your plumbing penetrations fixes these air leaks and makes your home more comfortable.
Attic access doors/hatches are not insulated nor are they air tight. This lack of insulation and air sealing allows heat to escape up into the attic in the winter and brings hot air into the home in the summer.
One of the major rules that must be followed when insulating the house is for insulation to be continuous. Missing insulation can be as bad as no insulation at all. Voids in insulation dramatically reduce the effectiveness (R-Value) of that insulation. Gaps over just 2% of an insulated surface will reduce the effective R-Value by as much as 50%. Be sure to keep your insulating barrier continuous and contiguous with the living space of your home.